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Root cause

  • There is no fucking rootcause in these cases.
  • It’s lack of knowledge of the guy who did these configurations.
  • You’re assuming that you do it right and you know it clearly, but you never check or learn and understand it in the right way.

Knowledge base

  • Character * is Asterisk. A wildcard DNS record is a record in a DNS zone that will match requests for non-existent domain names. A wildcard DNS record is specified by using a * as the leftmost label (part) of a domain name, e.g. *.example.com.

  • Wildcards in the DNS are much more limited than other wildcard characters used in other computer systems. Asterisks at other places in the domain will not work as a wildcard, so neither *abc.example.com nor abc.*.example.com work as wildcard DNS records

  • Using an Asterisk (*) in AWS Route53 Hosted Zones and Records

    You can create hosted zones and records that include * in the name.

    1. Hosted Zones

    • You can’t include an * in the leftmost label in a domain name. For example, *.example.com is not allowed.
    • If you include * in other positions, DNS treats it as an * character (ASCII 42), not as a wildcard.

    2. Records

    DNS treats the * character either as a wildcard or as the * character (ASCII 42), depending on where it appears in the name. Note the following restrictions on using * as a wildcard in the name of a record:

    • The * must replace the leftmost label in a domain name, for example, *.example.com or *.acme.example.com. If you include * in any other position, such as prod.*.example.com, DNS treats it as an * character (ASCII 42), not as a wildcard.
    • The * must replace the entire label. For example, you can’t specify *prod.example.com or prod*.example.com.
    • Specific domain names take precedence. For example, if you create records for *.example.com and acme.example.com, Route 53 always responds to DNS queries for acme.example.com with the values in the acme.example.com record.
    • The * applies to DNS queries for the subdomain level that includes the asterisk, and all the subdomains of that subdomain. For example, if you create a record named *.example.com, Route 53 uses the values in that record to respond to DNS queries for zenith.example.com, acme.zenith.example.com, and pinnacle.acme.zenith.example.com (if there are no records that have those names).


  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wildcard_DNS_record
  2. https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4592#page-6
  3. https://docs.aws.amazon.com/Route53/latest/DeveloperGuide/DomainNameFormat.html#domain-name-format-asterisk